First developed by teacher Loris Malaguzzi, the Reggio Emilia Approach focuses on the importance of community and free inquiry. In this approach to early childhood education, children are viewed as competent, resourceful, strong, resilient, and full of curiosity. Children are active participants in their own education. Emphasis is put on allowing a child to drive their own learning, based on their interests. As they interact with others and the environment around them, children will gain knowledge through their own investigation.

In the Reggio Emilia Approach, children are also encouraged to explore their ideas through a variety of “languages”, including art, music, written and spoken language, pretend play, sculpture, and more. Questions are welcomed, and are not answered solely by the educator; instead, the teacher and child will explore together to find the answer.

REGGIO EMILIA PHILOSOPHY

“Our task is to help children communicate with the world using all their potential, strengths, and languages, and to overcome any obstacles presented by our culture.”

-Loris Malaguzzi

ORIGIN

Founded in Reggio Emilia, Italy, educator, psychologist, and philosopher Loris Malaguzzi

INTENTION

Viewing children as independent, creative, confident, and curious, learning in an environment and encourages their interests.

ROLE OF THE TEACHER

Teachers partner with children in their classrooms, listening, observing, asking questions, and working together to encourage curiosity in the learning process.

ROLE OF THE PARENT

Parental involvement in the learning process offers children security and role models to encourage learning at school and at home.

ROLE OF THE ENVIRONMENT

Designed to be inviting and to promote exploration, the environment helps children think open and inquisitively.

LEARNING PROCESS

Exploration puts children in charge of their own learning by encouraging them to ask questions and figure out new ways of accomplishing tasks. Teachers observe and assist each child’s unique learning process.